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taekwondo rules

The ancient self-protection of taekwondo rules has its justifiable share of rules which can appear confusing to the white belt beginner. Here’s our fast guide to the fundamental rules for those Kup graders simply beginning out.

General taekwondo points and rules
• The aim of taekwondo is to land as several kicks and blows as you’ll on your opponent within the allowed target areas.
• A taekwondo contest contains 3 spherical of 2 minutes every – with a one-minute break between each round.
• the total taekwondo contest space may be a 10m sq. mat.
• conclusion in a very taekwondo bout may be achieved by knockout, by grading the foremost points, or by default if the opponent is disqualified.
Scoring in taekwondo
• In taekwondo one purpose is scored for every legitimate strike on the body, and 2 points are given for kicks to the face. Competitors get a further purpose for a knockdown.
• One referee and 3 judges administrate the competition, and a degree is awarded only 2 or additional judges register a success at a similar time.
• Kicks to the top and body are solely awarded points if they’re landed with components of the foot below the gliding joint.
• Blows to the body should be with the front of the index and finger knuckles of a tightly paw if they’re to be awarded points. Fighters don’t seem to be allowed to punch to the top.
Penalties in taekwondo
• Penalties in taekwondo are awarded for offences like grabbing, holding, feigning injury, pushing, Associate in Nursing turning one’s back on an opponent.
• the foremost serious taekwondo offence is ‘Gam-jeom’, that results in one purpose being subtracted. samples of ‘Gam-jeom’ embody throwing Associate in Nursing opponent, deliberately stepping over the border, actuation Associate in Nursing opponent to the bottom, and assaultive the face with something however the feet.
• If Associate in Nursing opponent is knocked to the bottom, then the referee begins a ten second count. A knockdown happens if any a part of a contestant’s body touches the ground except the foot. there’s a compulsory eight-second count before the referee decides whether or not the bout ought to continue.
• A knockdown becomes a knockout if a competition cannot regain his or her feet by the count of 10 seconds or if the referee decides he or she is unfit to continue at the top of Associate in Nursing eight count.
• If a contest ends with the competitor’s level on points, then the contestant with the foremost points before penalties were subtracted is that the winner. If the scores are still level once this, then the referee awards the competition to the fighter he believes to own been the foremost willing to attack. the sole exception to those rules happens within the final of a contest, once a tied contest can attend an additional ‘sudden death’ spherical wherever the primary to attain a degree wins. If no result’s achieved throughout this spherical, then the ultimate call once more lies with the referee.
Olympic competition rules for taekwondo
• The Olympic taekwondo competition takes the shape of Associate in Nursing tournament to determine the gold and silver medals.
• once this first tournament, 2 teams are then called for of all the competitors – except the semi-finalists – United Nations agency have lost to either of the finalists. Another knockout method then produces 2 pool winners. every pool winner then faces the overwhelmed semi-finalist from the opposite facet of the draw, and also the winners of those 2 bouts vie for the ribbon.
• the burden divisions for Associate in Nursing Olympic taekwondo competition are as follows: Men – underneath 58kg (approx. 128 lbs.); underneath 68kg (approx. 150 lbs.); underneath 80kg (151 lbs-176 lbs.); over 80kg (177 lbs. and beyond). girls – underneath 49kg (approx. 108 lbs.); underneath 57kg (109-125 lbs.); underneath 67kg (approx. 147.7 lbs.); over 67kg. (148 lbs. and beyond).

Taekwondo Rules

Taekwondo may be a Korean Peninsulan self-protection and Olympic sport that was developed in post-World War a pair of Korea by varied martial creators however is sometimes attributed to military general and martial artist Choi Hong Hi. Taekwondo relies on the native Korean martial arts of Taekkyeon, Subak and Gwonbeop however additionally has important parts of alternative martial arts like Japanese martial art and to a lesser extent Chinese martial art.
As a self-protection, it’s called a mode that focuses notably on kicking, and full-fledged practitioners may be seen acting varied spectacular head height and jumping kicks. There are varied Taekwondo administration bodies however the most 2 are the ITF (International Taekwondo Federation) and also the WTF (World Taekwondo Federation) but it’s the latter that’s the simplest called it the WTF style of Taekwondo that has been a serious a part of the Olympic Games since 1988.

Object of Taekwondo


In Taekwondo competition, the thing is to land kicks and punches upon the grading zones of your opponent. These are the body and also the head and each kicks and punches should be correct and powerful, as light-weight sound kicks don’t seem to be counted by scorers (or electronic grading systems in major competitions). At the top of the 3 rounds of the match, the player with the foremost points is asserted the winner, however the match will finish early by one player sound the opposite player out.
All Taekwondo practitioners, whether or not competitors or not are the least bit times expected to uphold the 5 tenets of Taekwondo. These are courtesy, integrity, perseverance, self-control and never-say-die spirit.

Players & instrumentation
In Taekwondo competition, fighters vie against alternative fighters of a similar sex. they’re additionally placed into weight classes to confirm that fights are as equally matched as potential. In junior competitions, there might also be age classes too.
The white taekwondo uniform that competitors wear is usually known as a gi, however technically that’s the Japanese name for a martial arts uniform and also the correct Korean term may be a dobok. a colored belt is tied around the middle of the dobok and also the color signifies the grade of the practician. The belt system goes from white for beginners through to yellow, green, blue, red and so black for competent practitioners. Black belts then receive their ‘dan’ grades as they progress any in their expertise and experience. in a very Taekwondo match, every competition wears many items of protecting instrumentation and these are:
• Head guard
• Chest (trunk) defender
• Groin guard
• Forearm guards
• Hand protectors
• Shin guards
• Mouth guard
Scoring
Scoring in a very Taekwondo match is easy. A player gets:
• One purpose for a basic attack to the opponent’s body
• 2 points for a spinning kick to the opponent’s body
• 3 points for a kick to the top
• In major competitions, electronic grading systems are used that are placed among every player’s protective garment and are adjusted to require into consideration of the burden class of the fight. For head kicks (and fights wherever electronic grading isn’t used), a panel of four judges push a button after they see a grading purpose. once a minimum of three judges agree, then a degree is awarded.

Winning the Match
• Once a Taekwondo match is over (at the top of the three x a pair of minute rounds), the winner is that the fighter that has the foremost points. If each fighter has a similar quantity of points, then an additional spherical is fought known as the golden purpose round. during this spherical, the primary fighter to attain a degree is asserted the winner. Taekwondo matches may be won earlier if one fighter knocks the opposite out or if one fighter is disqualified for a rule breach.

Rules of Taekwondo


• Taekwondo matches ought to be oppose by competitors of a similar sex and within the same classified weight class.
• The competition space may be a mat that measures eight meters square.
• Taekwondo matches are oppose over three x a pair of minute rounds with a remainder of one minute between rounds.
• every fighter makes an attempt to knockout their opponent or score points by landing blows on their opponent’s body or head. Kicks are allowed to each to the body and head, while punches are solely allowed to the body. Below the waist isn’t an allowable target.
• If a fighter and their coach suppose that a degree has been lost or that miscalculation has been created, they will build a protest. A video replay is then checked out by judges and a call is created.
• Fighters will lose points by the manner of penalties. These may be incurred by actions such as:
o Punching to the face
o assaultive with the knee
o assaultive below the waist
o Stepping out of the ring with each feet
o Turning your back on your opponent
o Pushing, holding or grabbing your opponent
o Feigning injury
The match is won by the fighter United Nations agency knocks their opponent out or who has the bigger range of points at the top of the 3 rounds.
If the match may be a draw, a golden purpose spherical is fought, with the fighter landing the primary grading purpose being declared the winner.
As I even have mention on quite a couple of occasions on this web site, I studied Taekwondo after I was younger, then took a protracted break and so a couple of years ago got here into it and are taking it ever since.
One of the events that are continuously being displayed in my faculty may be a folder or flyer talking concerning Associate in Nursing forthcoming Taekwondo tournament either in my space or if its larger one, then within the region.


Now at this time in my life, I don’t see myself doing any tournaments however I do wish to travel see them not solely to visualize however my school will in these tournaments but additionally maybe to be told one thing new concerning Taekwondo Sparring that I failed to understand before that perhaps I may apply whereas sparring at the college.


However, since it’s been a moment, I didn’t have any plan concerning the most recent Taekwondo tournament rules or however the grading was done thus i made a decision to try to a touch analysis to search out the answers before I’m going and this can be what I found out:

Tournament Background
Taekwondo tournaments don’t seem to be meant to copy a true fight or blow their own horns world fighting skills. It’s all concerning demonstrating mastery of techniques, and also the flashier and additional complicated the technique the higher. These additional “showy” techniques like a spinning hook kick, are also, not coincidently, the foremost powerful.


However, to use that very same kick in a very street fight is perhaps not the simplest plan as a result of, in contrast to in a very tournament setting, if you miss with the kick or don’t execute it properly, the person you’re fighting within the street isn’t reaching to watch for you to induce off the bottom or there’s not going to be a referee holding his opponent back till you are able to come back.


It’s not my intent here to be excessively dramatic, it’s simply to create a degree that at a Tae Kwon Do tournament you get additional points for kicks to the top since it shows, among alternative things, speed and adaptability.


Because of the purpose structure, these kicks are tried because the fighter is aware of that solely can he score additional points however additionally if he will the kick wrong or misses fully and finally ends up falling to the bottom there won’t be somebody on high of him to require advantage of that as would be the case in a very street fight.


Other words the tournaments provide a far additional controlled atmosphere wherever these kinds of kicks may be showed off.
The rules begin even before the match begins. In an officer tournament setting you may got to observe a few of straightforward formalities thus you are doing not get disqualified before you throw even your initial kick (or punch).


This includes bowing to each your opponent and to the referee of the match United Nations agency is often a black belt or higher and who is there to enforce the foundations.


You must additionally bow to the three judges, once more all black belts, which will decide the winner by exploitation their best judgement {and experience and understand ledge and skill} of strikes and also the use of strikes/kicks that you simply ought to know at your level.


Of course, if your sparring in your faculty, it’ll most likely be a small amount additional relaxed unless they’re making an attempt to induce you prepared for a tournament.


As so much because the competition itself thinks about, every match is comprised of 3 rounds lasting 2 minutes each, with one minute breaks between every spherical.


The competition that manages to attain the foremost from these 3 rounds is mechanically named the winner.


Scoring in a very Taekwondo Tournament as you’ll most likely imagine is completed primarily with kicks and also the fighters aim is to land as several grading kicks or punches on his opponent as potential throughout the competition.


In order to induce these points, there is, a minimum of at the kickoff, a technique planned to induce the foremost points however from what I even have seen, this strategy goes by the roadside as a result of the match is such a fluid state of affairs that what you thought you may do at the kickoff isn’t what you’re able to do.


That being same every topographic point on the body can earn a distinct quantity of points and each kicks and punches got to have force behind them so as to induce a degree.
In alternative words, it cannot simply be a lightweight faucet. additionally kick solely counts as a degree if you hit together with your foot so if the opponent is hit with a shin or knee you don’t get something.
A Breakdown of Tournament Points

Hits to the Body
This gets you one purpose if you utilize say a straight turning kick or front kick. However, if you hit the body with a spinning kick for instance a jump back kick then you get 3 points. Punches that don’t carry a lot of weight in Tae Kwon Do tournaments can solely get you one purpose. thus you’ll see why such a lot of kicks are thrown.

Hits to the top
This is wherever the points are extremely created. If you kick your opponent within the head, like once more a turning kick you get 3 purposes however if you show a touch flare and hit the top with a spinning hook kick you’ll get an additional point thus four points for that.
Knockdowns
Finally, if you utilize a kick or punch that puts your opponent on the ground (or mat) which will get you 3 points.

Tournament Penalties
In Taekwondo sparring are generally simply inevitable. there’ll be times after you accidentally do one thing which will cause you to induce a warning from the referee and there’s nothing you’ll do concerning it.
Then there are those additional blatant or more purposeful penalties that somebody is hit with and possibly ought to be so as to stay the integrity and also the fun in Taekwondo Tournaments.
Here I’ll reassess the two kinds of penalties in a very Tae Kwon Tournament and what the penalty is for the offense.
Warning Penalties
The first penalty is termed Kyong Go and is essentially warning wherever a 0.5 purpose is subtracted.
Examples of Kyong Go penalties are:
• presence to be bruised
• Grabbing your opponent
• Pushing your opponent together with your shoulder, body, hands or arms
• Stepping outside the boundary lines intentionally
• assaultive the groin space intentionally (Should be one point)!
Point Deduction Penalties
The second form of penalty is termed a Gam Jeom and is way additional serious and so one punctuation mark is removed.
Examples of Gam Jeom penalties are:
• Going once Associate in Nursing opponent after they are already on the bottom
• by choice striking the rear of the top
• by choice going once the face with either the hand or hand
• Head-butting Associate in Nursing opponent
• Violent or extreme outbursts towards either your opponent or the referee.
The Most unsatisfying thanks to Win:
Withdraw
So your all psyched up able to go and for a few reason your opponent cannot vie. However, it may additionally mean that you simply did well Associate in Nursing your opponent is unwilling or incapable because of maybe an injury of initiating for future spherical

Disqualification
Your opponent couldn’t be allowed to fight as a result of he could not build the burden category you’re competitive in or for a few reason the refereeing board won’t allow the fighter to vie
Unusual ways in which of Winning a Tournament:

Referee Stops the competition
This is usually named as a RSC because the referee has determined that your opponent shouldn’t continue either once a knock down or after checking on the fighter in between rounds. this can be finished the health and safety of the fighter.
Win by Referees Taking a degree Away
As noted higher than within the penalties section, if your opponent gets three penalty points, they become disqualified and are out of the match
The Most Common ways in which of Winning a Tournament:

Winning by Knock Out
Winning by knockout may be a valid however unfortunate for your opponent manner of winning. The referee can build the choice however after you land a blow with enough force that your opponent is staggering or unable to reply to a command or question, the bout are stopped.

Winner by points
This is an excellent thanks to win. everybody walks away once each giving there all and your labor pays off by grading additional points. At the top of the 3 rounds, the participant with the foremost range of points is asserted the winner.
However, in contrast to alternative sports, a attract points in taekwondo doesn’t continuously need a further spherical to work out the winner, though it’s potential. A golden purpose spherical are organized, and also the initial player to attain a degree during this spherical are named the winner.

What a couple of Tie?
Another way of decisive the winner, just in case of a tie, is to require the points that every player scored before any penalty deductions were created. The player with the best range of points wins. If this, too, isn’t Associate in Nursing choice, the referee can declare the player supported United Nations agency has shown additional disposition to attack throughout the sport.
Note: you’ll additionally win by obtaining quite twelve points against your opponent. Its generally named as a 12-point gap wherever the unfold is thus massive that it’s virtually not possible for your opponent to come back from and to avoid injury the match is stopped at the top of this spherical

Final Thoughts
Going to either a neighborhood or national Taekwondo Sparring Tournament is way additional exciting on behalf of me currently.
It’s such a lot additional fascinating to observe a match currently as I perceive higher however the points are scored and now I will have a more educated opinion concerning whether or not I accept as true with the referee once he offers a degree or takes one away.
At some purpose within the future i might prefer to go see Associate in Nursing Olympic Taekwondo event at or even the Olympic Trials since currently that I perceive plenty of what’s concerned in winning a match.
I want to preface this post with this disclaimer: All rules and rules lined here are approved by the Kukkiwon and also the World Taekwondo, the International Taekwondo body recognized by the International athletics committee. alternative forms of Taekwondo may have different sets of rules that will not be totally lined here.
Whether you’re simply beginning your Taekwondo coaching, or are at Associate in Nursing intermediate level, learning the various rules and rules will assist you improve your sparring expertise.
In short, the goal in a very Taekwondo boxing match is to attain additional points than your opponent by landing more kicks and punches within the allowable areas. Your understanding of the foundations may be accustomed your advantage, particularly after you are competitive in a very tournament. Points may be awarded or removed at the referee’s and judges’ discretion. so as to win a boxing match, you’ve got to earn additional points, score a knockout, or win by default once your opponent is disqualified. during this post, i’ll reassess the precise period of sparring matches, the scale of the competition space, the various weight categories, the specified protection, a way to score points, and the way to avoid penalties.

Duration of Sparring Matches
Each boxing match consists of 3 rounds, that are 2 minutes long, with a 1-minute break in between every spherical. a bit like the referees within the NFL and NBA, Taekwondo referees have the power to place a stop to the clock at their discretion. Common reasons to prevent the clock embody giving a competition a penalty (gam jeon), discussing an oppose purpose, Associate in Nursing reviewing an issue/complaint named by an educator.
After the 3 rounds are up, the competition with the upper range of points is asserted the winner. throughout the boxing match, the referee can count to 10 for a competition that has been knocked down. In Taekwondo, a knock down is outlined as once a neighborhood of the competitor’s body, aside from his or her feet, but the bottom. If the competition is unable to pass through a knock down, or if the referee doesn’t reckon him or her suited continue competitive, the referee can stop the match and also the competition that scored the knockdown are declared the winner. for instance, if a competition A is knocked out by competitor B’s spinning hook kick, competition B can mechanically be declared the winner. If, however, competition B knocks out competitor A with Associate in Nursing nonlocal use of his elbows or knees, the referee can possibly disqualify competition B, deeming competition The victor.

The Contest space
In official Taekwondo tournaments, competitors can either spar on a sq. or polygonal shape formed mat. the competition space can generally be within a bigger sq.. the world between the competition area and also the boundary of the larger sq. is understood because the safety area.
Competitors are expected to spar among the boundaries set by the competition space. once a competition steps out of the competition space, either voluntarily or by force, he or she is going to be punished and lose a degree.

Weight Divisions
In each Taekwondo tournament, competitors are placed into teams supported gender, age, and weight. Below are the various weight categories.
Weight category Men’s Division Women’s Division
Fin Not exceptional fifty four metric weight unit (Not exceeding 119.0 lbs.) Not exceptional forty six metric weight unit (Not exceeding one hundred and one.4 lbs.)
Fly fifty four metric weight unit – fifty eight kg (119.1 lbs. – 127.9 lbs.) forty six metric weight unit -49 kg (101.5 lbs. – 108.0 lbs.)
Bantam fifty eight metric weight unit -63 kg (128.0 lbs. – 138.9 lbs.) forty nine metric weight unit – fifty three kg (108.1 lbs. – 116.9 lbs.)
Feather sixty three metric weight unit – sixty eight kg (139.0 lbs. – 149.9 lbs.) fifty three metric weight unit – fifty seven kg (117.0 lbs. – 125.7 lbs.)
Light sixty eight metric weight unit – seventy four kg (150.0 lbs. – 163.1 lbs.) fifty seven metric weight unit – sixty two kg (125.8 lbs. – 136.7 lbs.)
Welter seventy four metric weight unit – eighty kg (163.2 lbs. – 176.4 lbs.) sixty two metric weight unit – sixty seven kg (136.8 lbs. – 147.7 lbs.)
Middle eighty metric weight unit – eighty seven kg (176.5 lbs. – 191.8 lbs.) sixty seven metric weight unit – seventy three kg (147.8 lbs. – 160.9 lbs.)
Heavy Over eighty seven metric weight unit (191.8 lbs. and over) Over seventy three metric weight unit (161.0 lbs. and over)
How to earn Points in Taekwondo Sparring?
Outside of sound out your opponent, earning the foremost range of points is that the name of the sport in Taekwondo sparring. Per the most recent updated unleash by the WT (World Taekwondo), the international body, the purpose system has been updated. to start out off, competitors will earn points by landing a clean legal attack on either the trunk defender (the space lined by the chest protector), or on the opponent’s head. The points are awarded as follows:

1. A punch to the chest guard equals one purpose
I’d prefer to suggests here that for any purpose that you simply earn, it’s most likely best to create it as clear as potential to the judges and referees that you simply attained that time. this suggests you ought to avoid any love faucets, or light-weight brushes against the chest guard. during this case, your punch ought to land clearly and with an honest quantity of force. the explanation I mention this can be as a result of I even have in person witnessed competitors land kicks, nonetheless earn no points, as a result of the judges and referees failed to suppose the kick secured a degree. I’d additionally prefer to purpose to suggests that the punch ought to be directed towards the center to the higher a part of the chest, instead of the facet of the trunk defender.

2. a daily kick to the chest guard equals 2 points
These kinds of points ought to be your focus, and wherever the bulk of your points ought to return from, particularly if you’re a beginner. The techniques accustomed earn these quite points are the foremost basic, and so the foremost convenient for competitors to use. Common kicks you’ll use to attain these points embody roundhouse kicks, sidekicks, and push kicks. confine mind that you simply don’t got to kick specifically on the chest. you’ll additionally kick on the facet of the chest guard, or the skeletal structure, further as your opponent’s back. WT regulation states kicks directly on the spine are nonlocal, and should lead to a penalty or maybe potential disqualification.

3. A spinning kick that lands on the chest guard equals four points
Any spinning kick you’ll with success land on your opponent can earn you four points. These kinds of kicks embody a back facet kick, a tornado kick, or a spherical house kick that lands once a spin or flip. With the exception of the turning roundhouse kick, these kinds of kicks are generally used as defensive techniques. In alternative words, they’re only once countering offensive attacks from your opponent.

4. a daily kick to the top can earn you 3 points
These kicks are a small amount tougher to land compared to kicks aimed toward the chest guard, thus can find yourself earning you additional points. Regular kicks to the top embody primarily roundhouse kicks and axe kicks.

5. A spinning kick to the top can earn you 5 points
These kicks are most likely the foremost tough kicks to land, and can earn you the foremost points. in a very ton of cases, they’ll additionally find yourself sound out your opponent if they land with enough force. Your typical kicks which will earn you these 5 points embody spinning hook kick, back facet kick (that lands on the head), spinning roundhouse kick, and a tornado kick.
Be Careful to Avoid Penalties
As vital because it is to earn points throughout sparring, it’s even as vital to grasp the foundations in order that you’ll avoid penalties, that lead to purpose losses. within the past, referees may issue either a warning, or a penalty, reckoning on the foundations and his or her discretion. Today, it’s just like the refs and judges can skip the warning all at once and simply present penalties, which can lead to a degree for your opponent. Here are the common penalties you ought to avoid:

1. Punching to the top
In Taekwondo, punches are solely allowable to the chest. Punching your opponent within the head could lead to a penalty, or worse could lead to your disqualification if your opponent is knocked out.

2. Excessive pushing or holding
This is a small amount of a gray space, as a touch pushing and holding may be a small amount inevitable in grips sports. In my expertise, a touch pushing and holding is allowable, as long because it is incredibly temporary, and straight off followed by attacks. confine mind that the official rules state that these quite movements are prohibited, and referees will hit you with a penalty at their discretion

3. Going out of bounds
This is really Associate in Nursing update to the foundations. within the past, going out of bounds was frowned upon, and would most likely lead to your earning a warning. With the new update, going out of bounds will straight off lead to a penalty, thus be aware of your surroundings once facing Associate in Nursing opponent in competition.

4. exploitation your knees or elbows
Whether it’s intentional or not, exploitation your knees or elbows to attack or defend yourself can lead to a penalty. thus make certain to stay smart management of your limbs

5. Kicks underneath the belt
When I say underneath the belt, I mean the total space underneath the waist of your opponent. Any kick during this space is prohibited, and can straight off lead to a degree for your opponent. make certain to stay your attacks higher than the waist