Soccer Rules For Dummies

Soccer is the international game that is played and equally loved by dummies across the globe using soccer rules for dummies. The craze for this game is high in many countries. There are many rules that are set by the IFAB for the players to be followed stringently. These rules are revised and updated by the international governing body every year. These rules are called as the law of the game. There are many rules that are set in the game to let the players play the game in a fair way. From defining the fouls to the uniform that has to be worn by the players who enter the pitch, everything is clearly stated in the rules list. The FIFA will either make small or major changes to the rule book every year. It is important for the players to stay up-to-date with the rules.

Few of the soccer rules for dummies that are defined include:

Field of the play:

There are specific dimensions that are set for the field. If you are playing any international or national games, there should be set dimensions to the field. The dimensions would vary from one level of competition to another level of competition. The length of the field should range from 100 to 130 yards whereas the width of the field should range from 50 to 100 yards. There are also dimensions set for the goal post as well as the field marking.

Soccer ball:

The soccer ball also has certain measurements. These measurements are to be met to use the ball in the game. The circumference of the ball should not go beyond 28 inches and should not be less than 27 inches. The weight of the ball that is used by the people under 12 and more is 16 ounces and this should not be less than 14 ounces. This has to be checked thoroughly prior to the start of the game. There are a few guidelines that are given even for the ball that is defective and that is damaged in the middle of the game.

Total number of players:

The match will have two teams. Each team in the soccer game will have 11 players and this number should not exceed. In this 11 member team, there should also be a goalkeeper. If the team has less than seven players, then the match will not be started and the team may get disqualified from the competition. There are a few rules that will let you to substitute the players and penalties imposed on the teams that have too many players standing on the field.

Equipment used by the player:

This rule will have the instructions about the equipment that can be used by the player and that should not be used. This includes the clothing and jewelry and other equipment. The uniform that allows for the player to wear includes shorts, shirts, shoes, shin guards and socks. There is a rule that has been revised. As per the new rule, the player is not allowed to wear the electronic communication equipment.


The Referee is the main person in the game. This person is the one who will be enforcing all the football rules that are set by the governing body. The decision that is taken by the referee would be final. The referee prior to the start of the game will ensure that the equipment of the player and the ball that is used in the game are as per the specifications given in the rule book. This person will be acting as a timekeeper and keep a tab and punish the players who will violate the laws. There are also right hand gestures that are to be used by the referee to give signals about the rules to the players in the teams.

Match officials:

If you are playing a professional soccer game, there should be at least two assistant referees in the game. The job of these referees is to call for off-sides and throw-ins that will let the referees to make a right decision on the field. The referee will hold a flag in their hands to signal the observations. These people are commonly known as linesmen. They closely supervise the sidelines as well as the goal lines and raise the flag when the ball would go out of the play. They also signal which team has actually got the goal kick or throw in. They will be awarding scores to the teams.

Match duration:

The minute will last for 45 minutes and there will be 15 minutes of break that is given to the teams to relax. There is an additional time that can be added by the referee when the player is injured and when the player has to be substituted or when there is wastage of time in the field, etc. The match that is abandoned would not be replayed until and unless there is such rule.

Start and restart of the game:

There is a clear cut procedure that is mentioned in the rule book on how to start the game and restart the game, which is called as kick off. The kick off of the football match would be decided based on the toss. A coin is tossed between the teams. When tossing the coin, it is important for the players to be in their respective fields.

Ball in and out of the play:

This rule will clearly define when the ball has to be in the play and out of the play. The play would be in the game when it is rolled and crossed the goal line, the touch line or if the referee has stopped the play.

Result of the match:

The goal is given to the team that has made it when the ball would cross the goal line. The point is given to the team when there is no foul that is committed by both the teams in the game. There are a few policies that are set even for the penalty kicks. There are also the rules been set when the goalie will commit any penalty.


The player is said to be in the offside position when he/she would stand closer to the goal line over the ball and the last defender. However, as per the laws that are set by FIFA, the player is known to be in the offside position only when the ball would touch one of their team mates or when he is not taking part actively in the game. There are revisions done to this rule to define penalties even for the player when there is an infraction committed.

Soccer Rules For Dummies

Fouls and misconduct:

This is the most critical part of the rule book. There are many infractions and penalties that are defined in the rule book. When the player misbehaves in the field, he/she would be thrown out of the game. There is also a rule that is given on how the officials should respond when the player misbehaves on the field clearly. This rule has been revamped by FIFA besides giving clear cut clarification on the bad behavior of the player.

Free kicks:

There are different types of free kicks given to the player and the procedure to initiate those free kicks in the game. There are a few penalties that are also given when a free kick is triggered.

Penalty kick:

This rule will define the clear cut procedure for penalties that would actually initiate a penalty kick in the game. When the player comes closer to the ball to kick it, this has to be carried out at the time of run-up. If the player feints, then it results in penalty to the team. This rule also clearly gives where exactly the ball has to be placed by the referee to let the players to give a kick.